one of the most urgent environmental problems in the world today is the shortage of clean water

Milestones of the global water crisis

1700s to lớn 1800s: Industrialization led to lớn increased urbanization in Europe, highlighting the need for clean water supplies and sanitation.

1800s: Water shortages first appeared in historical records.

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1854: Dr. John Snow discovered the links between water and the spread of cholera during an outbreak in London.

1866: In the United States, there were 136 public water systems; by the turn of the century, there were 3,000.

1900: Since 1900, more phàn nàn 11 million people had lost their lives to lớn drought, and more phàn nàn 2 billion people have been affected.

1972: The U.S. Clean Water Act updated 1948 legislation to lớn control water pollution and funded construction of sewage treatment plants.

1993: The U.N. General Assembly designated March 22 as World Water Day.

2000: The U.N. thành viên states mix Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for development progress, including a năm ngoái target to lớn halve the number of people without sustainable access to lớn safe drinking water.

2003: UN-Water was founded as a coordinating platform for sanitation and freshwater access issues.

2005: About 35% of the global population experienced chronic water shortages, up from 9% in 1960.

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2005 to lớn 2015: U.N. thành viên states prioritized water and sanitation development during the International Decade for kích hoạt “Water for Life.”

2008: The U.N.-recognized International Year of Sanitation prioritized health and dignity.

2010: The MDGs’ clean water access target was achieved five years ahead of schedule. More phàn nàn 2 billion people gained access to lớn safe drinking water since 1990. The U.N. General Assembly recognized the right of each person to lớn have adequate supplies of water for personal and domestic use that were physically accessible, equitably distributed, safe, and affordable.

2013: The U.N. designated November 19 as World Toilet Day to lớn highlight the global issue that billions of people still don’t have access to lớn proper sanitation.

2015: About 2.6 billion people have had access to lớn clean water in the last 25 years, and about 1.4 billion gained access to lớn basic sanitation since 2000. The U.N. thành viên states signed on to lớn the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — successors to lớn the MDGs, that promise clean water and sanitation for all by 2030.

2018: U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres made a global Gọi to lớn action for WASH in all healthcare facilities, citing their crucial role in disease prevention and reduction. Without basic WASH services, health centers could contribute to lớn more infections and preventable deaths for mothers and newborns.

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2020: Globally, about 1.8. billion patients and health workers face a higher risk of COVID-19 infection and other diseases due to lớn the lack of basic water and sanitation services at health services, according to lớn WHO and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

2023: Up to lớn an estimated 3 billion people globally face water shortages. This crisis is mix to lớn escalate in the coming decades, particularly in urban areas, without enhanced international cooperation. These findings are from the U.N. World Water Development Report 2023. The report revealed that 2 billion people (26% of the population) lack safe drinking water, while 3.6 billion (46%) lack access to lớn safely managed sanitation.