switch case c++


C++ Switch Statements

Use the switch statement lớn select one of many code blocks lớn be executed.

Syntax

switch(expression) {
  case x:
    // code block
    break;
  case y:
    // code block
    break;
  default:
    // code block
}

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This is how it works:

  • The switch expression is evaluated once
  • The value of the expression is compared with the values of each case
  • If there is a match, the associated block of code is executed
  • The break and default keywords are optional, and will be described later in this chapter

The example below uses the weekday number lớn calculate the weekday name:

Example

int day = 4;
switch (day) {
  case 1:
    cout << "Monday";
    break;
  case 2:
    cout << "Tuesday";
    break;
  case 3:
    cout << "Wednesday";
    break;
  case 4:
    cout << "Thursday";
    break;
  case 5:
    cout << "Friday";
    break;
  case 6:
    cout << "Saturday";
    break;
  case 7:
    cout << "Sunday";
    break;
}
// Outputs "Thursday" (day 4)

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The break Keyword

When C++ reaches a break keyword, it breaks out of the switch block.

This will stop the execution of more code and case testing inside the block.

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When a match is found, and the job is done, it's time for a break. There is no need for more testing.

A break can save a lot of execution time because it "ignores" the execution of all the rest of the code in the switch block.



The mặc định Keyword

The default từ khoá specifies some code lớn lập cập if there is no case match:

Example

int day = 4;
switch (day) {
  case 6:
    cout << "Today is Saturday";
    break;
  case 7:
    cout << "Today is Sunday";
    break;
  default:
    cout << "Looking forward lớn the Weekend";
}
// Outputs "Looking forward lớn the Weekend"

Try it Yourself »

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C++ Exercises


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